Bůžek Jan

Year of Birth - Death :
1927 - 2005 †
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Biography

After graduating from secondary school Jan Buzek studied at the School of Pedagogic and the School of Science at Charles University in Prague . At first he studied composition privately with Jaroslav Řídký, then with Karel Hába and in 1967 he graduated in Composition Studies at AMU in the class of Emil Hlobil. He got his Ph.D. at Charles University in 1972. He conducted the Philharmonic orchestra and the Teacher\'s Choir in Kutná Hora during his studies. At first he taught at the Pedagogical School in Teplice, then he was a senior lecturer at the Music Department at the University of Ústí-on-  Elba and at the same he gave lectures on the history and theory of music at the Conservatory in Teplice, where he also worked as a deputy to the school director. Many of his compositions were recorded by Czech Radio and awarded in regional and national competitions. His compositions for choirs were performed not only in our country but also in Germany, Holland, England and Ireland. In 1965 he was awarded the Prize of the City of Teplice for his composition. His orchestral compositions were first time performed and recorded for Czech Radio by the Northern Bohemian Philharmonic Orchestra.  He was designated as a honorary member of the Leos Janacek Society in Zurich and of the mixed choir JANACEK in Jablonec on Nisa.

He carries on the tradition of the Czech and the world\'s classics in his work; he seeks to create a comprehensible musical language with a tendency to neo-romanticism, which is proved by hundreds of his choral, vocal, symphonic and chamber music. His instrumental work reaches from chamber compositions for solo instruments to extensive symphonic compositions, among which the symphony Songs of Terezin (1972) is dominant. His vocal music is represented by the choirs Panichyda (1970), Bernard Žár (1970), Stabat mater (1972), Slavic balad (1977), Madrigals (1978), Salutationes (1991) - dedicated to the memory of Jan Palach, Te deum laudamus (1998), Veni, sanctae Spiritus (1999) and Songs of ancient China (1969) and songs of Home (1978).

The vocal instrumental compositions In memoriam Duchcov 1931 (1972), Requiem (1978) and The Legend of St. Adalbert (1996) represent the peak of his work.

\"We can now say for certain that Jan Bůžek, together with Jaroslav Řídký, creates the essential pillar of Czech 20th Century music from the area of Northern Bohemia . In particular The Legend of St. Adalbert significantly exceeds the general standards of contemporary Czech music production and proves the fact that its author justly belongs to the top representatives of contemporary classical music.

In his rich compositions work Jan Bůžek purposely avoids fashionable contemporary elements, which are now so typical for some of the often presented minimalist authors; by a careful choice of thematic material, variously presented with an individual mature style of composition, Jan Bůžek creates avantgarde pieces which at the same time have sources in the essential traditions of Czech music. He enriched the traditions particularly in the melodic and harmonic area by adding typical and representative elements, which create the individual flow of music advanced by deep spiritual potential.

The work of Jan Bůžek has become truly modern, it inspires his contemporaries and it will produce rich fruits even for future generations.\"